Sexual violence is any sexual act, an attempt to obtain a sexual act, unwanted sexual comments or advances, or acts to traffic, or otherwise directed, against a person’s sexuality using coercion, by any person regardless of their relationship to the victim, in any setting, including but not limited to home and work.
Sexual violence is complex. It’s difficult to understand the scope, size, and reach of it as it’s normalized and even celebrated by businesses, governments, and cultures. Ending it requires a laser focus on three categories of sexual violence: human trafficking, domestic violence, and sexual assault.
Domestic violence is a pattern of abusive behavior in any relationship that is used by one partner to gain or maintain control over another intimate partner.
Many types of abuse are included in the definition of domestic violence including physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, economic abuse, psychological abuse, threats, stalking, and cyberstalking.
The term sexual assault refers to sexual contact or behavior that occurs without the explicit consent of the victim.
Some forms of sexual assault include attempted rape, fondling or unwanted sexual touching, forcing a victim to perform sexual acts, such as oral sex or penetrating the perpetrator’s body, or penetration of the victim’s body, also known as rape.